KATI is the most common fungal infection in the world. It is estimated that 75% of all women in the world are infected with the virus. Fungus infections in a woman’s genitals are caused by the presence of known fungus known as Candida albicans. The fungus is found as a common parasite in the mouth, a ball of food that passes through the pharynx, into the bladder, penis and even into the vagina.
A good immune system combined with certain types of bacteria living with these fungi helps a lot in controlling the infections caused by this fungus.
Generally, Candida albicans live in the vagina and other parts (as described above) without causing any side effects unless the environment changes such as changes in the pH of the area (note that the normal pH in the vagina is 4.0 – 4.5) or its correlation with other parasites when it is damaged due to various factors such as the use of antibiotics, the decrease in the immune system due to various diseases etc.
These fungal infections can be divided into two main parts; Non-communicable infections in this group, the patient suffers from one to four times a year and the symptoms are less severe and these infections are caused by the fungus of this genus Candida albicans.
Second acute complicated thrush: In this group, the patient experiences more than four infections a year, the symptoms worsen or if the infection has occurred during pregnancy, diabetes, anemia. This strain is caused by a fungus of a different species than Candida albicans.
The women most at risk of fungal infections are those who use excessive detergents on the genitals or douches (a substance used to clean the vagina with water mixed with vinegar or any other antiseptic) because it causes impaired fungal balance and other types of antimicrobials such as lactobacilli bacteria
Or the overuse of antibiotics, steroids that have a tendency to weaken the immune system or have hormonal changes in the body that cause changes in the genitals and thus lead to the rapid growth of these funguses.
But pregnancy also causes these funguses to become more sensitive due to hormonal changes and weakening of the immune system. However it should be noted here that not every pregnant woman gets these infections.
Use of birth control pills (seasonal pills), immune deficiency from chronic diseases such as diabetes, cancer of any kind, mononucleosis, etc., HIV / AIDS, hormonal replacement therapy for a variety of reasons, contraceptive treatment for those with fertility problems, stress and malnutrition make these fungus secretions.
But also wearing long-sleeved clothing or clothing such as long swimwear, underwear (nylon), tight-fitting underwear etc., casual sex. after intercourse through the urinary tract or the use of softened glycerin during sexual intercourse.
Women between the ages of twenty and thirty are at higher risk of contracting these fungal infections while those who have stopped menstruating or those who have not started menstruation are at higher risk.
Next week we will discuss the symptoms, treatments and indicators, so do not miss a copy of this magazine.